Qatar

Alfanar Islamic center Doha Qatar, beside souq waqifDoha corniche and westbay towersDoha attractions and activitiesAlfanar mosque near souq waqifNational museum of Qatardoha at night

Qatar

From Wikipedia,

Coordinates: 25°30′N 51°15′E / 25.500°N 51.250°E / 25.500; 51.250

State of Qatar

دولة قطر (Arabic)
Dawlat Qatar
Anthem: السلام الأميري
As-Salam al-Amiri  (transliteration)
Amiri Salut
Location and extent of Qatar (dark green) on the Arabian Peninsula.

Location and extent of Qatar (dark green) on the Arabian Peninsula.
Capital
and largest city
Doha
25°18′N 51°31′E / 25.300°N 51.517°E / 25.300; 51.517
Official languages Arabic
Religion Islam
Demonym Qatari
Government Unitary constitutional monarchy
• Emir
Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
• Deputy Emir
Abdullah bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
Legislature Consultative Assembly
Establishment
18 December 1878
• Declared independence
1 September 1971
• Independence from the United Kingdom
3 September 1971
Area
• Total
11,581 km2 (4,471 sq mi) (164th)
• Water (%)
0.8
Population
• 2016 estimate
2,675,522[a][1] (142nd)
• 2010 census
1,699,435[2] (148th)
• Density
176/km2 (455.8/sq mi) (76th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$404.109 billion[3] (47th)
• Per capita
$145,894[3] (1st)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
$185.395 billion[3]
• Per capita
$68,940[4] (4th)
Gini (2007) 41.1[5]
medium
HDI (2014) Increase 0.850[6]
very high · 32nd
Currency Riyal (QAR)
Time zone AST (UTC+3)
Drives on the right[7]
Calling code +974
ISO 3166 code QA
Internet TLD

Qatar (/ˈkætɑːr/,[9] /ˈkɑːtɑːr/, /ˈkɑːtər/ or /kəˈtɑːr/;[10] Arabic: قطر‎‎ Qatar [ˈqɑtˤɑr]; local vernacular pronunciation: [ˈɡɪtˤɑr]),[11][12] officially the State of Qatar (Arabic: دولة قطر‎‎ Dawlat Qatar), is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf. An arm of the Persian Gulf separates Qatar from the nearby island country of Bahrain.

Following Ottoman rule, Qatar became a British protectorate in the early 20th century until gaining independence in 1971. Qatar has been ruled by the House of Thani since the early 19th century. Sheikh Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani was the founder of the State of Qatar. Qatar is a hereditary monarchy and its head of state is Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani. Whether it should be regarded as a constitutional[13][14] or an absolute monarchy[15][16][17][18] is disputed. In 2003, the constitution was overwhelmingly approved in a referendum, with almost 98% in favour.[19][20] In early 2017, Qatar’s total population was 2.6 million: 313,000 Qatari citizens and 2.3 million expatriates.[21]

Things to do in Doha click Here.

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